April 2017 Letter from the Provost

April 2017 Letter from the Provost

Come into the Oratory Church on Easter Sunday and you will find the High Altar decked with reliquaries. Most striking are the silvered bishops’ heads busts. Similar models can be found in churches all over the Lombardy region of Italy, and the Oratory busts were brought back to London from Bergamo by Father Edmund Garnett in 1892. They are placed on the altar amid an explosion of bells, music and light after the intonation of the Gloria at the Easter Vigil.

         These busts contain fragments of bone, as do most of the reliquaries that the Oratory possesses, and as do the altar stones embedded in the many altars that grace the chapels of the Oratory Church. The sarcophagus under the altar in St Mary Magdalene’s chapel actually contains a complete human skeleton from the Roman catacombs, while the life-sized model of our Holy Father St Philip under his altar, also exposed at the Easter Vigil, contains a relic from the saint’s body in the hand.

         Easter morning is bursting with the freshness of new life, and this display of old bones might not seem the most obvious way to celebrate Our Lord’s everlasting triumph over death and decay. These relics, however, teach something very important about the meaning of the Resurrection for us. Through Baptism, these mortal remains of the saints became living temples of the Holy Spirit. The souls to which they were once united now await reunion with their bodies in Heaven. Throughout His ministry, Our Lord’s healing miracles show us how He came to save the whole man, soul and body. The reunion of His body and soul on Easter morning leave us in no doubt that the body is God’s creation and therefore good. His bodily Ascension to the right hand of the Father in Heaven reveals that Heaven is not some disembodied state but a real place where bodies exist. Our Lady’s Assumption body and soul at the end of Her earthly life leaves us in no doubt that there is also a place in Heaven for our bodies as well as our souls. For Christians, the body matters, which is why the Church enjoins us to corporal, as well as spiritual, works of mercy. Clothing the naked, feeding the hungry and comforting the sick are all practical expressions of our belief in the value of the whole human person.

         When we say the Creed, then, we not only profess our belief that “on the third day He rose again”; we also declare that we “look forward to the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come.” The first Resurrection is, of course, Our Lord’s. The second is the resurrection of our own bodies from the grave, which, we have been promised, will take place when the trumpet sounds on the Day of Judgment. In this life our bodies eventually become weary and worn, and sometimes bring us great inconvenience and pain. If, pray God, we make it to Heaven, we need not fear that they will ever be an encumbrance to us again. The bodies of the saved are to be glorified. St Augustine and others assure us that what was imperfect in us in this life will be eternally beautified in the life to come. Back in the day, a Redemptorist was preaching on the Four Last Things at a mission, and he repeated Our Lord’s warning that in hell there will be much wailing and gnashing of teeth. An elderly parishioner interrupted: “Ain’t got no teeth, Father!” to which the reply came from the pulpit: “Teeth will be provided.”

         The relics that we see around the church on Easter Sunday are actually a very fitting way to mark the Resurrection. They are the trophies of Christian victory. These mortal remains were once the fragile vessels in which their owners worked out their salvation and sanctification, by God’s grace, on earth. They were sanctified by contact with the waters of Baptism and by the healing and elevating balm of the other Sacraments. Relics themselves have sacramental value, and have been known to bring about great miracles for those who venerate them with devotion. When we venerate a holy relic, we venerate the saint who intercedes for us at the Throne of Grace, and we give honour to Our Lord Jesus Christ whose divine life animated that saint and made him holy.

         If a forensic scientist ever laid hands on the Oratory relic collection, he would probably find evidence of traumatic deaths inflicted by steel blade, fire, starvation and the teeth of wild beasts. This is because many of our relics belonged to martyrs, who made the ultimate sacrifice for their faith in our Risen Lord. After suffering for a time on earth, they now behold the vision of the Blessed Trinity in glory. And even for them the best is yet to come: the reunion of body and soul in glory in eternity.

         Current events around the world remind us of the fragility of that thread which on earth connects our bodies and souls. The finger on the terror alert dial seems to be stuck permanently on “severe”, which means we might easily be blown limb from limb before we can say Jack Robinson. As long as we die in God’s grace, with the flame of divine charity alight in our souls, we can be confident that we shall eventually receive these bodies back, rejuvenated and bomb-proof. The Resurrection of Our Lord Jesus Christ and the Assumption of Our Blessed Lady guarantee this.

Fr Julian Large

March 2017 Letter from the Provost

March 2017 Letter from the Provost

In 1988, Martin Scorsese’s film The Last Temptation of Christ provoked protests outside cinemas. The depiction of God the Son entertaining temptations against the Sixth and Ninth Commandments had caused considerable indignation among believing Christians. The sensus fidei of sane Catholics warned them immediately that something was wrong with that film. Our Saviour is like unto us in all things but sin. He was never tainted with the concupiscence which is the desire of the physical appetites contrary to reason. Therefore, he could never have experienced that sort of temptation.

         And yet Lent begins with an account of Our Lord suffering very real temptations during the forty days He spends in the wilderness. So what were these temptations, and where did they come from?

         Scripture informs us explicitly that the temptations endured by Our Lord come from that ancient enemy of the human race, the devil. And these temptations are a challenge or a test. The devil seems to be curious about the true identity of this extraordinary person Jesus of Nazareth. “If you really are the Son of God, prove it!” he says, “Command these stones to become loaves of bread.”

         How often do we not hear similar challenges addressed to the Church? What sort of God is it that allows so much of the world to go hungry while others have so much that they perpetuate a culture of waste? If God exists, and if He is to earn our respect, then surely He must prove Himself and feed the starving? And if the Church is what She claims to be, then is it not high time that She stopped troubling the world with the burden of doctrine and poured all of Her resources into eradicating inequality?

         As Creator of the Universe, Our Lord has every power and every right to change stones into bread. But on this occasion of His temptation, He refuses to do so. And His reply to Satan is masterful: “It is written, man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.”

         Yes, God could turn whole mountains into enough bread to feed the whole world many times over. For the Lord of Creation, nothing could be easier. But such a miracle in itself would do absolutely nothing to remove selfishness or greed from a single human heart. Our Lord is not denying that we have a duty to feed the hungry – he has made it clear that our salvation depends on it. What He is saying is that on its own this is not good enough. When spiritual considerations are obliterated on account of purely material interests, then the result is catastrophic for everyone. Communism, after all, promised bread for everyone. The result was often bread queues that stretch for miles outside the bakery, and always moral and spiritual degradation.

         Christ actually came into this world to do something far more wonderful than changing stones into bread. He came to change our hearts from hearts of cold stone to hearts that are on fire with divine love. If a man’s heart is withered and dead then ultimately nothing good can come from him. Once his heart is enlivened with grace, then we can be sure that he will be moved freely to distribute from his own resources to those in need. This generosity of spirit and joy in giving is one of the outward signs that our Faith is alive and that we are in a state of grace.

         Leading Our Lord to the pinnacle of the Temple, Satan tells Him: “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down, for it is written, He will give his angels charge over you and they will bear you up lest you dash your foot against a stone.” Again, the devil wants his curiosity satisfied with a stunt, and again Our Lord refuses. He has not come to dazzle us into the Kingdom of Heaven with dizzying displays of acrobatics. The time will come soon enough when His glory fills the skies, at His Second Coming. Meanwhile, He calls us to live in friendship with Him. And as a token of this divine friendship He does something infinitely more impressive than turning stones into bread or throwing himself from the Temple into the hands of angels. He transforms bread into his living Body and Blood, before which angels fall in adoration. He effects this transformation that we call Transubstantiation so that we too might be transformed by feeding on Him, and that we, in turn, might set to work transforming this world around us.

         Before the beginning of Lent, we should think of how we shall accompany Our Lord in His fasting and prayer during those forty days in the wilderness. Most importantly of all, we should think about how we show imitate his charity, whether by way of almsgiving, or visiting the sick, the lonely and the elderly. By the end of Lent, God will not really be checking to see if we have a thinner waist. He will be looking to see if we have a larger heart.

Fr Julian Large

February 2017 Letter from the Provost

February 2017 Letter from the Provost

On 2nd February we celebrate a great Christian festival of light – the Feast of Candlemas. A shimmering sea of flames flows into the church as we commemorate the entry of the infant Jesus into the Temple at His Presentation. We rejoice with Simeon that the Light to enlighten the gentiles and the Glory of God’s People Israel has come into this world never to be extinguished. (cf. Lk 2.22-32)

         Light is something that human beings have always treasured as desirable and precious. In our own day, however, it often seems that there is a conflict between different sources of light. And this has really been the case since that revolution in thought and culture that occurred in the eighteenth century, generally known as the Enlightenment. Enlightenment philosophers championed the supremacy of reason over everything else. Their aim was to chase away the shadows, so that the undiluted light of human reason might be allowed to flood into every aspect of human life and society. In its extreme form, the Enlightenment sought to banish all mystery and transcendence to the graveyard of ignorance and superstition. The end result of this has not been so much real enlightenment, but, as one venerable English philosopher has described it, a severe light pollution that prevents man from seeing the stars.

         Many of our contemporaries have been taken in by the idea that reason and Faith must ultimately be opposed to each other, or at best unrelated. They assume that to embrace Faith must mean that we have to jettison our reason. Perhaps we have to admit that, looking at how strangely religious people sometimes behave, and how ill-equipped we often are to give a coherent account for our beliefs, it is hardly surprising that this misunderstanding prevails.

         As far as the Church is concerned, nothing could be further from the truth than this apparent conflict between these two lights of Faith and reason. The Church rejoices in reason. She teaches that man’s God-given intellect is the highest part of his nature, and that man’s natural capacity to discern and communicate truth and consciously to unite himself with what is good illustrate how the Creator’s image is stamped indelibly on our souls.

         We also have to accept that reason on its own, and science on its own, can never answer the deepest longings of the human heart or the desire of the human mind for knowledge. We cannot ultimately find redemption in science or reason. Unaided reason can never carry us to the sublime height for which we were created – to be happy with God for ever in eternity. Science can never make us immortal.

         Faith is that supernatural gift from God that elevates our reason. It is very important to understand that Faith does not suppress or replace reason. When we embrace the gift of Faith, it is like walking into a lift and finding ourselves carried up to a new realm of knowledge and life, because through this gift of Faith, we are now able to engage our reason with divinely revealed truths.

         If the secularist Enlightenment ended up producing light-pollution that obliterated the stars, then the true enlightenment that comes with Faith in Our Lord brings those stars back into focus. It allows us to penetrate into that realm of mystery in which man finds perfect and supernatural fulfilment – the Mystery of the Divine Love that flows continually between Father, Son and Holy Ghost. It makes us value our neighbour, whoever he or she might be and wherever he or she might come from, as a being created in God’s image with a supernatural vocation to be incorporated into Our Lord’s Mystical Body and to participate with us in the life of the Blessed Trinity in eternity.

         The light of reason and the light of faith, then, are not in opposition at all. In fact, it would be impossible for them ever to be in conflict. This is because they both have the same source – the Eternal Word, or Logos, Who took on our human flesh and came to us as the Light of the World. He is ultimately the author of all truth, scientific and religious, philosophical and theological. The Child Whom Mary carries into the Temple on the occasion of Her Purification is Truth itself.

         On the feast of Candlemas, let us pray that the Light Who enlightens the Gentiles and the Glory of God’s people Israel will fill our hearts with light so that in our dark and fragmented society we may bear radiant witness to God’s love. The light of Faith tells us that the real value of our fellow human beings is not relative to success, health, youthfulness or productivity. It is to be found in that potential for eternal life with which God has endowed each and every human soul. Simeon and the prophetess Anna, who each praise God at the arrival of the Christ Child in the Temple, are both greatly advanced in age. They remind us to have a very special care and solicitude for the frail and the elderly, and to treasure their role in the life of the Church.

         Candlemas is not a day of obligation, but please make an effort to come to the High Mass and receive a blessed candle. Take this precious sacramental home so that it may bring protection and inspiration to you and your loved ones during the coming year.

Fr Julian Large

January 2017 Letter from the Provost

Every time we say the Creed, we profess our Faith in a Church which is “One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic”.

         To modern ears, the description of our Church as ‘Holy’ might not sound entirely convincing. When many people today hear the words ‘Catholic Church’, holiness is not necessarily a quality that they would immediately attribute to the institution referred to. A good number of our well-educated and upright contemporaries are more likely to associate the Church with scandals involving breaches of trust of a most grave and horrible nature. Catholics who have lived through recent decades can certainly understand why this should be the case. As a priest, one is sometimes asked: “Father, what effect does your clerical collar have on people when they see you climbing onto a bus or coming into the pub?” To be honest, it has to be admitted that the effect is quite mixed, ranging from friendliness, to mild cheekiness of the “More tea, Vicar?” variety, to indifference. Occasionally one is also aware of being regarded with wariness and suspicion. This is only to be expected when we consider the misuse of authority by which victims of abuse have too often been instructed by clericalist powers-that-be to keep quiet and not to rock the boat. Whatever might have been the case in the past, it is probably safe to say that clerical dress carries no weight as a ‘status symbol’ today.

         So how can we profess belief in a Catholic Church that is ‘Holy’, without crossing our fingers, when we say the Creed? The answer of course is that the Church is Holy in so far as She is the Mystical Body of Christ, and as St Paul tells us, Christ is the Head of this Body of which we are made members through Baptism. So the Holiness that is in the Church flows from Christ into the Body – a Body of which He is the Head and into which we have been incorporated.

         In a sense, when we say the Church is Holy, we are saying this in much the same way that we might describe a hospital as healthy. You would not expect to find a hospital full of healthy people. Leaving aside the fact that modern hospitals are so over-heated that they must be incubators for tropical diseases, a decent hospital, in theory at least, possesses all of the means available to make us healthy. Likewise, the Church is endowed with everything necessary to make us holy.

         One part of the Church is very holy indeed. The Saints in Heaven form that part of the Mystical Body of Christ which we call the Church Triumphant. They are very close to the Head of this Body Who is Christ, and they worship Him and intercede for us at His throne. The Holy Souls in Purgatory, meanwhile, are also genuinely holy. They died in a state of grace and are being purified in the refining furnace of divine love so that they too will be able to enter Heaven as Saints.

         It is only on earth that we find the Church is full of a mixture of saints and sinners, including those of us who might be trying to be saints but only half-heartedly, so that we keep finding ourselves sliding into sin. The Church, like a good hospital, keeps the apparatus that will bind up our injuries and heal us when we sin, especially in the great Sacrament of Penance, in which we are lifted from the death of sin and restored to the supernatural life given in Baptism.

         During the coming year there will be much talk about the 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation. No Catholic in his right mind would consider ‘celebrating’ such an appalling blow to the Mystical Body of Christ. But we should rise to the occasion and put more effort into praying and working, in charity and truth, towards the day when all Christians might be reunited under the Successor of St Peter and be able to receive the Blessed Sacrament together in Holy Communion. We can also use this anniversary as an opportunity to reflect on what it is to be Catholic, and to renew our zeal for Catholic devotions which might have fallen into neglect. We should redouble our devotion to the saints, and especially to the Blessed Virgin in this hundredth anniversary of Her appearing in Fatima. We should make greater efforts to venerate the holy relics of the saints with confidence that this makes us close to them and earns their intercession for us at the Throne of Grace. We should dust off our prayer books and return to devotions to which rich indulgences are attached, to assist the Holy Souls in Purgatory during their current sufferings, in the confidence that they will intercede for us when they join Our Lady and the other saints in Heaven.

         A body is only as healthy as its individual cells, organs and limbs. Likewise with the Church: if we look at the Bride of Christ on earth and we see that there is so much that is unholy – so much politicking and posturing, and sometimes prevarication and obfuscation about Our Lord’s clear doctrine on Faith and Morals – then we first of all have to look at ourselves. If the Body of Christ on earth is not as healthy as we might hope, is it that we are not quite as holy as we should be? If that is the case, then we can certainly do something to address and remedy the malaise. When we come to that part in the Creed when we profess our belief in a Catholic Church which is holy, let us say that with great conviction, trusting in the intercession of Our Blessed Mother and the saints to make us holy like them.

Fr Julian Large

December 2016 Letter from the Provost

December 2016 Letter from the Provost

When the Word was made flesh two thousand years ago in Bethlehem, men were free to take Him or leave Him. The shepherds summoned by angels came to worship, while Herod’s men sought to murder. Later on the religious authorities would conspire and have Him put to death. At birth the King of Kings was laid in a feeding trough, and the closest He would ever come to ascending to a throne in His earthly life would be the Cross.

         Sometimes the question is asked “Would we recognize Jesus if He came into this world again? Or would His presence make us so uncomfortable that we would again reject Him?”

         The truth, of course, is that He will come into the world again, but His Second Coming will be quite different from that first arrival in the dead of a cold December night in Palestine. Next time, He will not be coming in meekness. In His own words, we shall “see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of Heaven with power and great glory, and He will send out His angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other…” (Mt 24.30-31). When the glory of that second arrival fills the skies from East to West, then whether we happen to be the Pope, the Dalai Lama or the Richard Dawkins of the day, it will be clear to all of us that Jesus Christ is God the Son and Creator of the universe, and there will be no denying that He has come in power and majesty to judge the living and the dead.

         In other words, there is no chance of anyone not recognizing Our Lord at His Second Coming. Meanwhile, however, there is always a very real danger that we might fail to recognize Him as He is in the world at this moment. Talking about our duty to clothe the naked and feed the hungry, and to visit the sick and those in prison, Our Lord warns: “as you did it not to the least of these little ones, you did it not to me” and “as you did it to the least of these little ones, you did it to me” (Mt 25.40,45). The verdict we encounter at the moment of judgment, then, will depend largely on how we have ministered to or neglected Our Lord in the needy. To focus our minds He tells us that there are only two possible outcomes in that moment when our souls leave our bodies and we find ourselves at our particular judgment: eternal punishment or eternal life.

         Along with other local churches, the London Oratory provides various opportunities to minister to the King of Kings in the disadvantaged. During the winter months the Friends of the Oratory (oratoryfriends@gmail.com) run a food shelter on Saturday evenings at which volunteers and guests sit at table to eat together and converse over supper. The Oratory Young Adults Group for 18-35 year olds (youngadultsgroup@bromptonoratory.co.uk) co-operates with our friends and next door neighbours at Holy Trinity Brompton to provide a similar service on Wednesday evenings. If you would be willing and able to assist at either or both of these projects, please enquire by email at the addresses above, or enquire at Oratory House.

         Giving time to the elderly, the sick and the needy is one way of ministering to the image of the Christ Child in our neighbour and extending His Kingdom. Engagement in public life is another. We should be encouraging young Catholics to consider prayerfully whether God might be calling them to involve themselves in politics, to ensure that Christ’s reign prevails on a more national and universal scale. The number of committed Christians in Parliament who are prepared to show the courage of their convictions seems to be relatively few, but such a presence is essential if the Christian voice is to be kept alive.

         We need this more than ever at a time when the public discourse around politics seems to be increasingly acrimonious. The recent presidential election in America has provoked responses ranging from violent hysteria and calls for assassination at one extreme of the political spectrum to quiet relief and cautious optimism at the other. The Provost would not dream of wading into this on one side or the other: for one thing, when men of the cloth start making a stand on party politics, the Catholic Faithful usually display a healthy instinct to do the exact opposite of what they are told from the pulpit to do and believe. But something that all Catholics can and should do is to pray for the new President Elect of the United States. Pray, especially, that he will honour the very explicit promises he made during his campaign to protect the lives of unborn children. The Holy Father said recently that every unborn child who is unjustly condemned to death by abortion has the face of Christ. The reform of laws which allow this killing of the innocent must be a priority for every decent human being.

         As Catholics, we should pray for all of our lawfully elected leaders. Pray without ceasing that the Holy Spirit will take possession of their hearts so that, even in spite of themselves, they will pursue policies which honour the image of God emblazoned on the human soul. After such a tumultuous year, let us pray that 2017 will be a year in which the Christ Child brings peace and salvation.

Fr Julian Large

November 2016 Letter from the Provost

November 2016 Letter from the Provost

The encounters we experience with Our Lord when reading the Gospels may unsettle us. The parable in the 18th chapter of St Luke’s Gospel, in which God is seemingly compared to an unjust judge, is rather startling. However, it is important to realise that when the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity took on our human nature in the Incarnation, He became like us in all things but sin. It should not surprise us, then, to discover that the Word Made Flesh had a sense of humour. This might be difficult for modern people to imagine. Since the 1960s there has been a tendency to brainwash us into thinking of Our Lord as an earnest moraliser who came to earth to lecture us on “preferential options” and “development goals”. This po-faced social justice warrior is a far cry from the Jesus of the Gospels, who paved the way to the Cross by offending against the political correctness of His day.

         The nagging widow in the parable (Lk 18.1-8), who wears down the judge so successfully that he eventually caves in to her wishes, is a type that many parish priests will recognize. Persistent laity sometimes have an important role to play in challenging the inertia that can devitalize the Church’s mission when the clergy become weary under the weight of administration and bureaucracy. We can be grateful for those stout-hearted matrons of ancient Rome who refused to take no for an answer and kept the flame of faith alive during the early centuries of persecution.

         The point of Our Lord’s parable seems to be the importance of perseverance in prayer. If even this bloated self-satisfied judge eventually gives in to the poor widow’s demands, how much more should we not hope for from a God Who loves us, and Who desires whatever is good for us? And if our prayers do not immediately seem to meet with success, we need to keep praying with ever greater persistence, until our requests are answered. Perseverance is of the essence in the Christian life, and it merits rewards.

         One of the most dangerous delusions we can fall into as human beings is a sense of self-sufficiency. When we lose awareness of our dependence on God, then we enter a realm of unreality which can only bring us disappointment and ultimately despair. The prayer that Our Lord Himself taught us is full of petitions and requests:  “Give us this day our daily bread … forgive us our trespasses … deliver us from evil”. Asking God for what we needs reminds us that we were created from the dust of the earth, and we depend on His Providence for all good things.

         The human race at the moment seems to be going through a particularly rocky patch, in which there is great deal of anxiety about the present and much uncertainty about the future. In these circumstances, it is natural that we should concern ourselves about what we can do to make this planet a better and safer place, for ourselves and for the generations that follow. Often we can feel helpless, as if everything is in the hands of forces outside our control. But we have a secret weapon which is supernatural and ultimately invincible, and which grounds us in the reality of a universe in which nothing happens unless it is willed or permitted by the Almighty Creator – the gift of prayer. In our Baptism we receive a vocation to communicate with God, and part of this communication includes asking God for what we need. This is actually pleasing to God because it shows that we acknowledge that all good things come from His hand and that we take nothing for granted.

         So what should we request when we pray? We can never be certain that God wants us to drive a Ferrari, or to own a holiday house in the sun. We can be quite sure that He wants His peace and His justice to reign in our hearts so that we may extend His Kingdom in that part of creation that is under our influence. If we are exercised about the current condition of politics or the state of international relations, we should certainly pray for peace and justice in the world. We can also be confident that He wants us to be full of faith and hope and charity. Sometimes He may allow us to suffer because of some great blessing He wishes to bestow on us in eternity. It is certainly legitimate and proper to pray for relief from sickness and pain, but even if this prayer seems to go answered on the physical level, we can be confident that prayer will bring the spiritual reinforcements needed to sustain us through the trial.

         So we should pray for all of these goods. At the moment, especially, we need to ‘storm Heaven’ for peace in the world.

         November is the month of the Holy Souls. It is an act of great charity to pray for these members of the Church who are undergoing purification before their entry to Heaven, and it is also useful: every soul liberated from Purgatory by our prayers and Masses is a new saint in Heaven who with Our Blessed Mother will intercede for us and for this world at the Throne of Grace.

Fr Julian Large

October 2016 Letter from the Provost

Our Lord presents us with the scenario of a woman with ten silver coins. Each is so precious that if she loses just one she will turn over the whole house in search of it. The rediscovered coin is then the cause for a great celebration(Lk 15.8-10).

            Coins are traditionally stamped with the image of a sovereign. As human beings, we too are inscribed with an image. In Genesis we see that when God created the human race He said “Let us make man in our own image” (Gen 1.26). Every human being, then, bears the image of the reigning Sovereign Who is Almighty God, imprinted indelibly on the soul. It is this divine image which makes each innocent human life sacred to God and inviolable, at every stage of its existence – from conception in the womb, when God infuses that soul into human flesh, until the moment when our souls and bodies are separated at the moment of death.

            In Genesis we are told that God not only created Adam in His own image. God actually says: “Let us make man in our image and according to our likeness.” Reading this superficially, we might assume that image and likeness are the same thing. After all, God can afford to use as many words as He chooses to express the same reality. The Church’s theologians and saints, however, have seen a distinction between image and likeness. They tell us that while the image of God is natural to us because it lies in our mind and our will – in our capacity to discern the truth and to unite ourselves with what is good – the likeness to God is something supernatural. It is a participation by grace in the divine life of God Himself, whereby man in His nature is elevated to the state of Sanctifying Grace and lives in friendship with Almighty God.

            It was this supernatural State of Grace that was lost for the human race when Adam and Eve chose to follow the counsel of the serpent rather than the word of God Who had blessed them with the gift of divine friendship. Hence the lesson of the woman with the silver coins. Because man has fallen from the State of Grace, God the Son takes on our human flesh and He comes to sweep out the house in search of us, to save us as individuals, because each of us is precious to Him. He comes to save us from the state of sin and separation from God, and to restore us to grace and friendship with God. The most profound token and celebration of this friendship is Holy Communion, which gift He purchased for us with His Blood on the Cross. His Living Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity are made present for us through the presentation of His Sacrifice on the Cross on the altar, every time Mass is celebrated. That is how precious we are to Him.

            As Christians and Catholics it is so important that we always remember that this supernatural reality is the very essence of our Faith. When our religion is reduced to social activism it is diminished to the point of destruction. Our Lord has come into the world primarily to restore us to the supernatural reality of friendship with God. He tells us: “Though I gain the whole world, if I lose my own soul what does it profit me?” The answer, of course, is nothing. I might feed the whole world and clothe and house the whole world, and if I am not in a state of grace, these earthly achievements by themselves count for nothing in eternity. As a priest I might preach inspiring sermons of impeccable orthodoxy and celebrate the Sacraments with minute regard for the rubrics, and my observance of the Church’s fasts might be faultless, but if the immaculate façade conceals an unrepented mortal sin on my soul, then none of these works counts for anything as far as getting into Heaven is concerned. Indeed, while my administration of the Sacraments will have been efficacious to those who received them, it will have added to my own offenses the sin of sacrilege.

            Once we are in a state of grace, however, then our good works take on an eternal value, because we are animated and enlivened with the very life of Christ Himself. United with God the Son in this way, our works of charity partake of the supernatural Charity that has been infused into our hearts in Baptism. Divine Charity and the State of Grace are distinct, but they are co-existent in the soul and co-extensive. Mortal sin does not immediately kill the Theological Virtues of Faith and Hope, but it does extinguish Charity. Once in a State of Grace, then the more we love and give, the more that supernatural life of grace expands within us and takes possession of our souls. The saints in Heaven are there because they loved while on earth, and the greatest saints are the ones who loved the most.

            In this Year of Mercy, we should consider ways in which we can be merciful to others. First of all, though, we have to be merciful to ourselves, by asking God to forgive us our sins and embracing His Divine Mercy in the Sacrament of Penance. We have to be sure that the Kingdom of God is firmly established in our own hearts before we can start to build it in the world around us.

Fr Julian Large

September 2016 Letter from the Provost

Close to Marble Arch there is a traffic island at the beginning of the Edgware Road. At its centre lies a stone disc engraved with the words “The site of Tyburn Tree”. It was here that, between 1535 and 1681, 105 Catholic priests and laity suffered the horrible ordeal of being hanged, drawn and quartered, all for remaining loyal to the Faith of their fathers. Gentrification of the area in the eighteenth century would obliterate all reminders of the public executions, with the gallows removed, and Tyburn Road and Tyburn Lane becoming Oxford Street and Park Lane.

         This intersection must be one of the noisiest and busiest corners of the city. Nearby, however, is a place of extraordinary tranquillity. In the early twentieth century a convent of Benedictine nuns was founded in the Bayswater Road. The crypt chapel of their convent is now filled with relics of the English Martyrs. There is even a replica of the gallows over the altar. Upstairs, in the public chapel, the sisters pray day and night before the exposed Blessed Sacrament.

         The memory of Tyburn Tree, then, is kept alive at Tyburn Convent. As the nuns keep vigil before the Sacred Host, they offer up a constant stream of prayers for the well-being and the conversion of our city and our realm. They have chosen the “better part” or “good portion” which Our Lord attributes to St Mary Magdalene in the Gospel. This “good portion” is the life of contemplation, lived at the foot of the Cross. We can be sure that if we make it to Heaven, we shall see just what extraordinary graces and blessings were secured for us, for the Church and for the human race in general by these lives devoted to prayer.

         In Baptism, we are elevated to a participation in the life of the Blessed Trinity. An essential part of this supernatural relationship with God is communication. We are invited to communicate our thoughts, our hopes and fears, our joys and sorrows, praise, thanksgiving and petitions to God, and in return He communicates His divine life to us in abundance. We should thank God for those who answer this calling in a way that is quite radical. All over the Catholic world there are communities of religious who pursue this “good portion” which is the life of contemplation. Normally we do not hear much about them. This is because they have been buried in seclusion so as to be in the constant presence of Almighty God. They die to this world so that the life of the Resurrection might take ever greater possession of their hearts and souls.

         In a fallen world which tends towards rebellion against the laws that God has written into nature, we can be grateful for those who do penance and intercede for His mercy. Holy Scripture tells us that sin deserves punishment, and the Catechism of the Catholic Church declares that there are sins that “cry to Heaven” for retribution (Catechism of the Catholic Church, n.1867). They include murder and injustice to the wage-earner. When such sins proliferate in our society we should thank Heavens for those men and women who mortify themselves on our behalf. In Marseilles in southern France there is an extraordinary community of nuns called the Religious Victims of the Sacred Heart, founded in the 19th century to make reparation for the sins of priests. What a great and important work that is.

         To the shallow and materialistic mind the contemplative life always looks like a waste of time. With the eyes of faith we know that when prayer is combined with penance and sacrifice it has great power before the Throne of Grace. The history of Jonah and Nineveh illustrates how fasting and prayer can save a civilisation from a sentence of destruction. Sodom and Gomorrah had no just citizens praying to God, and were utterly destroyed.

         It is God’s desire to bless rather than to punish. As the current Sovereign Pontiff has reminded us on a number of occasions, “God never tires of forgiving us. We are the ones who tire of seeking for His forgiveness.” Be grateful for those who ask for mercy on our behalf.

         Let us pray that God will continue to send vocations to contemplative communities. Of course, most of us are called to a different sort of life – more like Martha, with many practical and worldly duties and responsibilities. But we should also try to imitate Mary’s prayerfulness. In London it is not so difficult to find churches that are open during the day, so that we may walk in and rest in the presence of Our Lord. The Martyrs who celebrated and attended Holy Mass in attics and cellars would have rejoiced to see the day when sanctuary lamps burning in public would once again summon God’s children to adoration.

         It is possible to visit the chapel of the Martyrs at Tyburn Convent by appointment, and there to be inspired by the faith and zeal of the nuns as they tell the story of the dramatic events that happened just a short walk along the street. Then go upstairs to the church to spend some time in front of Our Lord enthroned over the altar. Do all of this and you will have experienced a taste of the “good portion” that Our Lord commends in Mary.

Fr Julian Large

August 2016 Letter from the Provost

Probably we were told when we were children that it is rude to call people names. Our Lord actually had a good line in nicknames. He referred to Herod as an old fox. We know from the Gospel of St Mark that He called the two brothers James and John “Boanerges” – Aramaic for “Sons of Thunder.” And in the Gospel of St Luke, we see how James and John merited and lived up to their nickname, when the Sons of Thunder plead with Our Lord to rain down fire from Heaven to devour the inhabitants of a Samaritan town that has just refused Him hospitality. Their reasoning: how dare these sectarian bigots insult the Lord of Creation? Surely the time has come to teach the world a lesson and to show sinners what lies in store for anyone who scorns the King of Kings and Creator of the universe?

The Master rebukes His disciples. Their zeal has made them bloodthirsty and they want to see retribution. Our Lord views things very differently. Yes, the time for fire will come. Our Lord warns us of the fire that awaits Dives in Hell, and many of us will have to be saved “yet so as by fire” (1 Cor 3:15) in the purification of Purgatory. But His mission on earth is not directed towards punishment and retribution. He has not come to precipitate that final conflagration which he has promised will consume the world at the end of time. He has come rather to light a flame of divine love in our hearts so that nothing and no one can ultimately destroy us. Now is the time of mercy and salvation.

John is the youngest of the Apostles, just a teenager. But what a cauldron of intense passion simmers within that youthful heart – a passion that is ready to boil over at the first provocation into wrath.

How very different is this Son of Thunder from the picture of John that emerges later on, the John who quietly rests his head on Our Lord’s shoulder at the Last Supper and who will stand in silence at the foot of the Cross. In fact, the nickname that Our Lord gave to John would not last for long. It was to be replaced by the title ‘Apostle of Love’. The word love, or charity, appears more in John’s Gospel and in his Epistles more often than anywhere else in the whole of the Old or New Testaments together. St Jerome tells us that in his old age John’s disciples had to carry him around to preach in Ephesus because he was so frail. They tired of listening to him preach the same sermon over and over again – all he would say is “Children, love each other!” When they asked why he must be so repetitive, he just replied: “Because it is the teaching of the Lord. If this only is done, that will be enough.”

This transformation from Son of Thunder to Apostle of Love is a good example of what happens when Divine Grace is able to penetrate into the depth of a soul. There is one thing that remains constant in John – his passion and zeal. But his youthful impetuosity and aggression are of little use to Our Lord. His capacity to love is of great use.

We all come into this world with strengths and weaknesses. And God is able to use everything – our strengths and our weaknesses – to make us saints. Very often our failures are of more use to Him than our successes, if only we allow our failures to teach us poverty in spirit and make us aware of our neediness before God.

John was transformed by contact with Our Lord. And through that contact – through friendship with Christ – his weaknesses were transformed into an heroic virtue which made him one of the greatest saints that ever lived. He can inspire us today to be apostles of love. Looking around us we see so much anger, division and recrimination. The world – our society – are thirsting for the charity of which we must be apostles.

Like John, we are invited to cultivate friendship with Our Lord. Bring to Him our weaknesses and failures, confess to Him our sins and receive the healing balm of divine forgiveness in the Sacrament of Penance. All friendships require communication, so we must rest in His presence with open hearts, making the channels of communication as wide and uncluttered as possible, and allowing Him to lead us to that wholeness and holiness for which we were created. During this Year of Mercy, Pope Francis has encouraged us to take a friend with us when we go to Confession. Encourage our friends to come back to this sacrament, so that they too may experience the transformative touch of grace.

Fr Julian Large

July 2016 Letter from the Provost

Until relatively recently, the Iraqi town of Mosul was home to a flourishing Christian community which was one of the most ancient in continuous existence, tracing its origins to the first century A.D. and maintaining the Aramaic language spoken by Our Lord. Since the war in 2003, and especially since the arrival of the Islamic State two years ago, much of the Christian population has been forced to flee and significant numbers have been murdered. Many survivors have apparently preferred to go into hiding rather than enter refugee camps where they face the prospect of further persecution. Any who remain must pay a heavy tax called the Jaziya.

         Last month, Islamic State henchmen turned up at a Christian house in Mosul demanding that the inhabitants pay the tax or leave. The mother of the family living there asked for a few seconds to collect the money, but they immediately set fire to the house, where the woman’s twelve year old daughter was trapped in a bathroom. The mother made an attempt to rescue her daughter, who was horrifically burned, but the little girl later died in her arms. The very last words that she said to her mother were: “Forgive them.”

         Although that girl was killed, she is the victor in this terrible story. Her response to hatred and appalling cruelty was love and forgiveness. The word martyr means witness, and with those two short words “forgive them” that twelve year old girl gave a clear and resounding witness to our holy Catholic Faith which we should hope will be remembered until the end of time as we know it, and which has surely earned her the crown of sainthood for eternity in Heaven, where she is now in a position to intercede at the Throne of Grace for her mourning family and her tortured homeland.

         We should reflect on the heroism and the simplicity of that girl’s witness. Our Lord tells us that those of us who would follow him must take up our crosses daily, but how tempted we are to avoid and evade the Cross in favour of comfort and respectability. We live in a society in which, for the moment at least, we are free to witness to our Catholic Faith. This is not something that we should ever take for granted. When we hear Christianity being bashed and rubbished, do we speak up and say: “Actually, I am Catholic, and my Faith is the most important and beautiful thing in my life?” or do we remain silent, perhaps even preferring not to be exposed as believing and practising Catholics?

         Christians living under the Islamic State who refuse to apostatise really have taken up the Cross on a daily basis. Remaining Christian in such circumstances means making huge sacrifices, and often the ultimate sacrifice of their own lives and the lives of their loved ones. What they suffer for the Gospel is a great witness to us and to the world of the power of grace to sustain us in the Faith.

         Please pray for the Christians of the Middle East, whose future looks very uncertain. The recent killing of that little girl is just one example amongst many thousands of such terrible events. The media has largely lost interest, and so these Christians are easily forgotten. As they are dispossessed and their families are killed, they look to us in disbelief as our western leaders concern themselves with more fashionable causes favoured by the secularist press.  Heaven forbid that we Catholics should ever forget our persecuted Christian brothers and sisters. As well as praying for them, we can also contribute financially to support them. Thanks to the generosity of our parishioners the Oratory has been supporting the charity Aid to the Church in Need, which works tirelessly to support Christians who have been driven from their own homes, and to bring their plight to the attention of the world.

         The name of that little girl who asked her family to forgive her killers in Mosul has not yet been released. Perhaps one day she will be formally canonised, along with other martyrs in the Middle East. Meanwhile, we can be confident that she is a martyr and a saint in Heaven, and in our private devotions we can ask her to pray for us. By her intercession, may we be filled with a love of the Faith which is as great as hers, and the courage to profess it with as much conviction and charity.

Fr Julian Large

June 2016 Letter from the Provost

Stockholm Syndrome is a psychological curiosity which describes a condition in which victims of oppression find themselves experiencing feelings of sympathy and even affection for their persecutors. It takes its name from a hostage situation in the capital of Sweden in 1973, when bank employees were held at gunpoint for six days. During this time they developed emotional attachments to their captors, declined to co-operate with attempts to release them and even kissed and hugged the hostage-takers when the siege ended, before going on to defend them during the trial. This sort of phenomenon is also known more broadly in the world of psychologists as “capture-bonding” and “traumatic bonding”. Apparently victims come to mistake any lack of abuse by their captors/tormentors as positive kindness. Captivity gives them an irrational sense of security and belonging, and they dread liberation into the wide world.

         Stockholm Syndrome is one of the more baffling vagaries of human nature, and it is as old as original sin. The serpent promised Eve that if she took the forbidden fruit she would be like God and would never die. Flattered by the attention, silly old Eve immediately forgot that she had already been created in the image and likeness of God and bestowed with the gift of immortality. In sinning, Adam and Eve subjected mankind to the tyranny of Satan. With our intellects clouded and the original harmony that existed between our mind, will and passions disrupted, we are easily convinced that imprisonment in vice is more fulfilling than the freedom that comes with virtue. The devil is the architect of a “Project Fear” which he uses to persuade us that slavery and darkness are preferable to freedom and light.

         We can detect an early manifestation of Stockholm Syndrome in those Jews who were reluctant to allow Moses to lead them from bondage in Egypt to a land flowing with milk and honey and who, after their release, pined for the three square meals a day with plenty of onions that they had enjoyed in captivity. In the New Testament Our Lord declares: “If you continue in my word, you are truly my disciples, and you will know the truth and the truth will set you free.” The Jews, oppressed by the pagan Roman invaders on one side and the tyranny of religious leaders who have turned the law into a crushing burden on the other, reply: “We are descendants of Abraham, and have never been in bondage to anyone.” Our Lord has to explain: “Everyone who commits a sin is a slave to sin.” It is significant that it is within this context that He makes the explosive revelation: “Before Abraham was, I am”, recalling God’s revelation of His own Name (“I Am Who Am”) when He commissioned Moses to deliver His people from bondage in Egypt.

         Spiritual Stockholm Syndrome can afflict us in many ways. In an era in which there are so many stimulants within easy reach, there are numberless addictions which can have us enslaved before we know it. The Internet offers resources which, if used prudently, can enrich our spiritual lives. At the same time, if meditation on the Gospel is substituted with the devouring of every morsel of Catholic “news”, then our hearts can soon become dungeons of despondency, cluttered with the dead bones of ecclesiastical political intrigue. We need to allow ourselves to be freed from this if we are to flourish into that for which we have been created. If we have made idols of our anxieties and fears, then we need to pray for the grace to smash them so that unfettered we can proceed in hope and joy.

         The Holy Door of this Jubilee Year of Mercy is a potent symbol of the liberation offered by the Gospel. Unburdened of the guilt of sins and refreshed with Sanctifying Grace in the Sacrament of Penance, we may also be freed from all temporal punishment due to sin by means of the indulgences attached to the Holy Door by the Sovereign Pontiff. The conditions are Confession, Holy Communion and prayers for the Pope, and we also need to pray for the grace of detachment from all sin if we are to gain a “plenary” or complete indulgence for ourselves or for a Holy Soul in Purgatory. If we have not yet taken advantage of this blessing, we should do so. Holy Doors have been erected all across the country to make it as easy as possible.

         Imaginative readers might be wondering if considerations of Stockholm Syndrome are relevant to this month’s referendum on our future relations with the E.U. The Provost would not dream of inflicting his antediluvian political views on the Catholic public. The Bishops of England and Wales have encouraged us to pray to the Holy Ghost for guidance, and have proposed a good prayer for us to use as we prepare to cast our votes:

         “Lord, grant us wisdom that we may walk with integrity, guarding the path of justice, and knowing the protection of your loving care for all. Amen”.

Fr Julian Large

May 2016 Letter from the Provost

Open our Bibles at the opening verses of Genesis, and there we find the spirit of God hovering over the very beginning of creation. Some versions of Scripture refer to this spirit as a roaring wind, others as “the power of God”. In Monsignor Ronald Knox’s 1950 translation of the Old Testament this spirit is described in evocative terms of “the breath of God” stirring over the waters of the deep.

         This image of the “breath of God” recurs in Scripture. A little further on in Genesis we are told: “the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.” And in the Gospels we encounter this creative power of the breath of God in action once again, when Our Risen Lord breathes on His Apostles and says to them: “Peace be to you.... Receive my spirit.” (Jn 20:19-22)

         He breathes His Spirit on them and into them to restore them and to build them up. The Apostles had abandoned Him in His hour of greatest need, but now He brings them the peace which comes with knowing that our sins are forgiven and we are loved by God. Easter morning was brimming over with the freshness and the power of that same breath of God which hovered over the waters of the deep at the beginning of creation – a restorative, life-giving breath that brings life and courage to the soul. It is very much present and active in the world today, despite all attempts to suffocate it.

         When Our Lord breathed His spirit into the Apostles, He instructed them that He was ordaining them with a very specific mission: “Whosoever sins you remit, they are remitted. And whosoever sins you retain, they are retained.” (Jn 20:23) In this moment, we witness the institution of the Sacrament of Penance. Our Lord breathes His spirit into the Apostles so that they, the same sinners who abandoned Him during His Passion, might not only be made whole themselves, but that they might breathe the healing balm of forgiveness into the hearts of all sinners who repent and confess.

         That spirit of healing is breathed into all priests, in every generation, when they are ordained in the Sacrament of Holy Order. To sinners is given the power to forgive sins, to lift the anxiety and sense of isolation that accompanies guilt and to build up the Church. Serving in a church in the centre of a great city means that the Oratory fathers have the privilege of giving absolution to many people who might not have used the Sacrament of Penance for many years or decades. In the confessional we experience the wondrous power of God’s grace in action at close quarters, on a daily basis. Every time a penitent opens his or her heart in the Sacrament of Penance and asks for God’s forgiveness, all of the freshness of that first Easter morning is breathed into a soul, bringing health and wholeness.

         Of course, we priests go to confession ourselves, and so we realise how difficult it can be to articulate our own sins in all honesty, humility and frankness. But it is worth it, each time, to receive not only forgiveness, but to be refreshed and strengthened by the touch of the breath of God. The same breath of God is active in all of its creativeness and power in the other Sacraments. During the Holy Mass, when the priest utters the words of consecration, the stillness of the Church is filled with God’s Presence as Christ comes to the altar in His Living Body and Blood to feed us.

         In our Baptism we were each clothed with a white garment. In ancient times this robe was worn for a whole week before being taken off on the Saturday following Easter, after which the new Christians were sent out into the world in civilian dress to spread the Gospel. As the Baptismal robe of cloth was laid aside, they were admonished to treasure and guard the white robe of Sanctifying Grace with which their souls had been invested. If this white robe of grace which we receive in Baptism is cast off through mortal sin, then it is extremely urgent that it should be restored to us in the Sacrament of Penance. Without this, we cannot receive Holy Communion and we face everlasting separation from God in hell. If our sins are venial, the robe of grace remains intact, but loses its lustre. This is why all of us can benefit from immersion in the fuller’s soap that is offered in the Sacrament of Confession.

         If it is perhaps a while since we went to confession, we should resolve to do so soon, and allow the breath of God to restore us to that dazzling condition to which we were elevated in Baptism.

Fr Julian Large